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The Deep Blue Sea

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Leviathan and Civil Disobedience

On beginning this blog post, I think I should change the name of the blog to “The Studies of Devin Stevens.” It’s a more accurate title regarding some of the posts. But oh well. In this post, I want to focus on two pieces of classical political theory: Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan (1651) and Henry David Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience (1849). I became interested in political theory when I studied the French Revolution last year. It seemed reasonable to me that I needed to study what past thinkers have written on politics in order to get an idea of what was going through some of the minds of Frenchmen during the revolution. It’s not enough to know WHAT people did but WHY. Why do people feel the need to try and change their world? What inspires them, what have they learned in the past that may have spurred them to action? It seemed logical to read what has been written on politics so I could have a chance to understand political history. Though Thoreau is after the French Revolution, his thoughts are still useful regarding government.

First, we begin with Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan. As I did with my post on Marine Biology, I’ll list some key concepts I learned while studying the book. I’ll do the same with Thoreau’s essay. This is just to give me a kind of mental portrait of what I’ve learned so that I can refer to it later as a reference. But hopefully it’ll spur you to think about politics. They’re intriguing texts to say the least, though there are still many other writers to consider.

Hobbes

– For fear of losing power, and since their corrupt desires are allowed free rein and go unpunished, people will always violate the basic rights of others. Therefore, government, law and order are needed. Otherwise, there can only be hopeless civil war.

-According to W.G. Pogson, Hobbes was accused of atheism after his book was published because he explained the world in materialistic terms, which usually slighted theocentric views of nature. Yet this seems strange to me, personally, seeing as he goes out of his way to describe a Christian commonwealth. Hobbes compares government to the human body, noting how each part of a society serves the interests and needs of the other, just as organs work together to sustain health.

-Again, Pogson: one of the reasons government is possible is because humans invented speech, the ability to communicate with each other. Communication must always be based on clear definitions and concepts. Hobbes didn’t think reason was innate in human nature but was made by mankind to pursue peace. Furthermore, what is “Truth” is created by men who agree with each other rather than God. Again, somewhat disputable since he seems to give God credit for several things throughout the text. Yet the reasoning disturbingly resembles totalitarian thinking; ‘truth is what we say it is!’

-If a ruler is to be effective in any true capacity, he must understand all he can about human nature.

-People are more equal than they may think. Weak people can overpower the strong through cunning, and the pride of people can content their minds when they’re envious of others who seem better than themselves. Therefore, equality is not an empty abstract, at least to Hobbes.

-The law of nature is the liberty each person has to use his own power for the preservation of his life. Liberty is the absence of external impediments that would hinder a person from doing so. Law determines what a person has a right to do.

-A contract or covenant is a promise from one person to another, that if they do something good for them, then they will return their good with good likewise. A covenant where self-defense is not possible is void, and no man is obliged to condemn himself. An oath is where a person says that if they do not do what they promise, then God will punish them for their disobedience.

-Injustice is the failure to perform one’s covenant to another. Fear of punishment from the government is needed to compel people to perform their promises.

-Other natural laws include gratitude, being a sociable and accommodating citizen, forgiving offenders if they repent from their wrongs, that in executing revenge, people should consider the positive results that follow rather than the greatness of the evil being punished, thereby instructing others to behave likewise. Also, one should not live with hatred toward another, one should acknowledge another to be his equal by Nature, one should have equity and fairness in judging others, and one should fairly divide things in common as much as is possible. You could sum it all up with the Golden Rule: Do not to another which you would not have done to yourself.

– Leviathan refers to the “mortal god,” the commonwealth, whereby a sovereign authority is given supreme Power and Strength through a covenant between the subjects (or rather, the representatives of the subjects) and the ruler himself, to ensure peace at home and protection from foreign powers. Because the ruler represents the people, the people cannot challenge his institutions or actions without condemning themselves, thereby constituting injustice.

– The sovereign has the authority to judge what is necessary for his subjects, what laws are to be issued, whether to create war or peace, regulate the economy, reward and punish subjects, and to elect judges to decide controversies and disputes. One may say that such power is too much for one man, but Hobbes argues that since the people are the ‘source’ of the sovereign’s power, then he is not a tyrannous entity in and of himself. He would be powerless to be despotic if the people were not behind him. Governors enjoy being a help to their people and not a burden.

-When the sovereign power is one person, it’s a Monarchy, if a few, then it’s an Aristocracy. If by many people then it’s a Democracy. When people are dissatisfied with government, notes Hobbes, then they say that Monarchy is tyranny, aristocracy is oligarchy, and democracy is anarchy.

-The Bible has been used to justify government based on Jesus’s exhortation to ‘give unto Ceasar that which is Ceasar’s,’ and the apostle Paul’s warning to obey princes and those in authority over them. You could say the government is an extention of parents ruling over their children.

-The subjects have liberty only in so far as the Sovereign’s authority allows it. Interestingly though, a man does not have to kill himself because the Sovereign says so. He also doesn’t have to not resist others who hurt him simply because the Sovereign says so. (This seems to be a contradiction in Hobbes’s philosophy; even though the subjects shouldn’t question the Sovereign’s authority, they CAN do so in these cases? Maybe he was willing to concede exceptions to his ideas…). The right to self-defense seems to supercede authority.

-The subject has the right to do something that the law is silent on.

-A public minister is a person employed by the Sovereign to represent the Sovereign. Sometimes this is the case when the Sovereign is just a kid and needs an adult for supervision and advice. Like the king, the minister is in charge of the nation’s economy, militia, the judicature, and rewarding and punishing evildoers.

-A good counselor should have interests consistent with him whom he counsels, appeal to Truth rather than obscure, confused, and unrealistic references, and when he gives advice, he should be well versed in what he advises. If he’s talking about economics, he should know and understand economics. He should also be aware of treaties and transactions of state.

-Civil laws are laws written or spoken, which subjects are to observe in the commonwealth regarding right and wrong. The Sovereign is the legislator of civil law and is not subject to obey them because he can repeal those laws that trouble him. He can obey them if he wishes. Laws can never be against reason, nor the laws of nature. The interpretations of the law are also dependent on the Sovereign.

-A charter is a law that only applies to a certain group of people.

-Judges appointed by the sovereign should be as impartial as possible, unprejudiced to one person or another, not given to bribes, and have good attention regarding what he hears and good memory to retain it. The king depends on his elected officials to do his bidding. He literally cannot do everything by himself.

-Ignorance, poor reasoning, presumption due to riches, or a false sense of security, and false teachings often incite others to commit crimes against the commonwealth and the king. Fear is a double-edged sword; it can inspire people to keep laws or break them. A punishment is, to Hobbes, an evil inflicted by public authority to one who has transgressed the Law so that others may thereafter be better disposed towards obedience.

-Different kinds of punishment include exile, imprisonment, publicly stripping people of badges and titles to their shame, and capital punishment (punishment by death).

-Universities should teach people to obey the sovereign power. Taxes are imposed on subjects in the name of paying authorities to take care of them.

-A commander of an army should be industrious, valiant, affable, liberal, and fortunate.

– There are several things that can threaten the well-being of a commonwealth. Sometimes rulers are not as firm in their authority when they should be, leaving people vulnerable to war within and from without. Some may say that they should obey their conscience, their own judgment of good and evil and not the Sovereign’s if his authority should contradict it. Hobbes’s response to this is that the conscience may be misleading, and that by disobeying the laws of a commonwealth, which represent the ‘public conscience’ the subject pledged himself to when they ‘made a covenant’ with the King, he commits a grave injustice in his disobedience. Trying to dissolve or separate the powers of a commonwealth could also cause disorder and chaos, unlike what America’s founding fathers thought.

Thoreau

A person should never obey the government if its authority contradicts the individual’s conscience. Because government often becomes despotic long before the people can effectively change it, it is better to have no government at all. Government policies often impede on economics and education.

-Law cannot make a man less unjust, it can only forbid. An undue respect for the law can produce horrible results, such as soldiers marching out to fight an unjust war which they personally agree is unjust. They are mindless slaves with no regard to right or wrong, puppets of those in authority.

-People may, in opinion, oppose a policy, but they don’t do anything practical to stop it, according to Thoreau’s investigations of American society. Voting doesn’t effect a solution. It’s just an expression of a desire for change. If you support an evil politician, you also share in his corruption.

-The State can only appeal to force and not conscience. It pushes people to obey through threat of punishment only.

-Being accustomed to obeying corrupt government and civil order, our consciences become dull and we no longer live moral lives. A person should not be primarily responsible to society but to the self. Until the State recognizes this, there will never be true justice.

The Deep Blue Sea

In the past four years I’ve sought, occasionally, to learn something factual about life, to take a break from the fun world of literary fiction. I desire new and refreshing knowledge, education regarding what the world is like now and what it used to be. Non-fiction. I want to investigate different topics like history, science, philosophy, or economics. Astronomy was one of the first subjects I studied in depth. In constant awe of the night sky, I was spurred to learn about outer space and the planets and the possibility of life outside Earth. This year, in 2018, I’ve studied Oceanography, as well as its twin sister study, Marine Biology.

I traveled to the beach with my grandmother several times during my childhood. Fascinated with the ocean, I swam joyfully in deep, salty water, pushed amusingly against the sandy shore by strong waves. The sky blue expanse stretched beyond a blank white horizon, hypnotizing me with wonder. Several video games I played as a child contained aquatic themed stages, like Jolly Roger Bay in Super Mario 64, Jolly Roger’s Lagoon in Banjo-Tooie, The Lakebed Temple in The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, and the Hydrocity Zone in Sonic the Hedgehog 3. In high school I wrote a short story called “Timothy’s Fish,” where a young boy and an FBI agent travel to the Pacific Ocean to rescue the boy’s parents (who are marine biologists) from a sea monster. The ocean is one of Earth’s ecological biodomes, hosting a vast array of wildlife and numerous physical and chemical properties, inspiring creativity all over the world. I mused on these things this year and one day, while at the McDowell County Public Library, I viewed some Youtube videos concerning the ocean.

I’ve also been reading a book from the American Museum of Natural History called Ocean: The World’s Last Great Wilderness Revealed. The purpose in writing this is to sum up, at least as best I can, what I’ve gained from the book. Hopefully this piece will solidify my knowledge into another area so that, in the event I should forget what I’ve learned, I can return to it and be reminded of all the amazing facts about the deep.

When considering the sea, one must first examine the obvious: water. A molecule of water is two hydrogen atoms connected to one oxygen atom. The molecules are drawn together through positive and negative charges of electrons, constituting hydrogen bonds. These connections cause water to have a high level of surface tension. If you’ve ever seen rain fall on a glass picnic table, you may have wondered why the droplets are oval-shaped. Since the hydrogen bonds exert more force on water molecules than gravity, the molecules congeal closer together instead of falling apart in every direction. This quality allows water to transport food to plants and animals. A kind of liquid boat ferrying important passengers to their destinations.

Water also stores mass amounts of heat (in the case of ocean water, from the sun). Ocean currents carry thermal energy around the globe, stabilizing national climates and animal feeding zones. As the temperature of water changes, so does its form (as with most chemical substances). Water is unique in that its solid form is less dense than its liquid form, which is why ice floats in water rather than just sinking.

Water is constantly recycled through a miraculous natural phenomenon known as the hydrologic cycle. The sun first evaporates water from the land and oceans. Next, clouds form in the sky, eventually releasing water back to the earth and sea as rain, sleet, snow or hail. Lakes and rivers are replenished through run off, as well as providing an important survival need for plants, animals and humans. Then, as the sun rises once again in full force, water is evaporated and the cycle continues. A liquid wheel.

The ocean’s waters contain 85 percent sodium chloride (salt). Scientists call this aspect its salinity. There are also different nutrients and gases in the sea that plants and animals use everyday. Chemists often observe temperature, density, or how heavy the water is, and the pressure it exerts. Different marine animals can dive different distances in the ocean. Scuba divers can also descend to a certain limit, but that’s it. If they’re too daring, the water (which is heavier than the open atmosphere) can literally crush their lungs. Even submarines can only go so far. The farthest mankind ever went down was over 35,000 feet in the 1960’s.

Light and sound react interestingly in water. The reason the sea is often blue is that, when water molecules absorb sunlight, the blue wavelength of that light is left behind. You could say that the ocean is a liquid mirror of sorts. Sound travels faster and through longer distances in water than in air. Whales often use sound waves to communicate to other whales across the sea.

The ocean floor is Earth’s crust shifted around and shaped by a geological process known as Plate Tectonics. Scientists believe that when Earth first formed, plates of rock split from, and crashed into, each other, a rigorous law of Nature that still continues to this day. The energy caused from this chaos can create earthquakes and tsunamis. Magma carries the slabs of rock around the globe, forming mid-ocean ridges, mountain chains stretching all around the deep, rising up to the surface to form volcanic islands. At the bottom of the sea, sediments many miles across form abyssal plains, and colliding plates create deep depressions called trenches, the lowest places in the ocean. As to the origin of the water itself, scientists guess that it originated from ice brought from comets bombarding Earth in its early days of development and from water vapor condensing over the forming planet.

The Earth’s rotation causes winds to blow over ocean water. These winds travel at different speeds and in different directions year round. Breezes and cyclones form depending on the pressure and temperature of the air. Hurricanes form when warm air constantly circulates over tropical waters, causing a ring of clouds swirling furiously in the sky. Wind also creates surface currents that move water from one place on Earth to another. Waves can be said to be energy caused by wind, traveling across the deep to finally crash on shores, from small ripples to the terrifying rogue waves. Even the gravitational pull between the moon, the Sun and the Earth play a role in ocean cycles, as tides cause the sea level to drop and rise. Whirlpools are caused by currents and tides. Some examples of whirlpools include The Old Saw Whirlpool near Maine, The Lofoten Maelstrom off Norway, and the Naruto Whirlpool near Japan.

There are different kinds of landscapes that meet the ocean head on, like a second half of a marriage portrait. Coastlines are either submerged in water or rise to tall heights, forming cliffs and rocky, staircase-like platforms. Waves carrying nutrients and sediments cause rocks to gradually decay into sea caves, undercut cliffs and sea stacks of limestone. Sandy shores called baymouth bars and spits extend in a circular pattern off shorelines. Some examples of popular coastlines include the two peaks of Les Pitons in the eastern Caribbean, the White Cliffs of Dover of England, Cape Hatteras in North Carolina, the beautiful, colorful Amalfi Coast of Italy, the Nile Delta in Egypt, the deadly, sailor-killer Skeleton Coast of Africa, the rocky Twelve Apostles near Australia, the busy Hong Kong Harbor off China, the 2,000 limestone islands of Ha Long Bay off Vietnam, the rocky, sandy coast of Big Sur of California, and the Hawaiian Lava Coasts.

Beaches are broad deposits of sediment and minerals above the low-tide line. Waves and tides constantly shift sand around, which can lead to large dunes over the beaches. Humans often construct sea walls or dam-surge barriers to protect coastlines from flooding and erosion, like the Netherlands does. Some examples of beaches are the Pink Sands Beach in the Bahamas, the pebbly Chesil Beach in England, the festive Copacabana Beach in Brazil, the raging, surfing waves of Jeffreys Bay in southern Africa, the white Shell Beach of Australia, the long Dungeness Spit off Washington State, and the crescent Tamarindo Beach in Costa Rica.

Next you have estuaries and lagoons. Estuaries are the mouths of rivers meeting the open sea, and lagoons are similar except they are more enclosed, connected to the ocean only by a narrow channel. When thinking of these environments, consider Chesapeake Bay in eastern Virginia, Laguna Madre off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, the Amazon Estuary at the end of the Amazon River in Brazil, the Venetian Lagoon off Italy, the Yangtze Estuary off of China’s Yangtze River, the enclosed Doubtful Sound in New Zealand, and San Francisco Bay in California.

Salt Marshes are coastlines partly flooded by the sea at high tide, a marshy swamp. They are often connected to broad areas of sand and mud called Tidal Flats. You can think of several places when considering this, like the South Carolina Low Country or the Alaskan Mudflats. Another kind of area is a Mangrove Swamp. They thrive in intertidal environments in the tropics and subtropics, protecting coastlines from erosion and providing shelter for fish and other animals. Examples include the Everglades in Florida and the Madagascar Mangroves near Africa.

Sometimes fish hide in rocky crevices submerged below the shoreline, live off the shelves of continents, swim through tall green kelp forests, or hide inside sandy sea beds. Then there is a special area called a coral reef. Coral reefs are formed from the remains of small organisms. Limestone skeletons. Fringing reefs border shorelines, barrier reefs are separated from the coast by a lagoon, and an atoll is a ring of coral reefs enclosing a lagoon. Some examples of reefs are the Bahama Banks off Florida, the wide Lighthouse Reef in the western Caribbean, the chain of atolls in the Indian Ocean called the Maldives, and the tall Aldabra Atoll near Madagascar. The largest and most popular coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia.

The open ocean is divided into zones. With each zone there is lessening sunlight, different kinds of exploring animals, and deeper water pressure. There’s the sunlight zone, the twilight zone, the midnight zone, the abyssal zone, and the bottom hadal zone, in that order. Animals use different survival techniques in these areas, like mutualism, where they feed and shelter each other, lethal, poisonous stingers, or bioluminous energy, light created from bacteria.

The living kingdom relating to the ocean is vast. You have tiny bacteria and small organisms recycling nutrients in the water and small protists forming current-drifting plankton. You can have flatworms, segmented worms, and ribbon worms. Red and brown seaweeds are more like algae whereas green seaweed is more like an average plant on land. Some examples of the red and brown are giant Kelp, gnarly Knotted Wrack, hollow segments called Neptune’s Necklace, the strawy Japweed, the dark looking Irish Moss, and the glowing Spectacular Seaweed in the ocean. Your green seaweeds include Sea Lettuce, Sea Grapes, the oval, emerald Sailor’s Eyeball, and the cup-like Mermaid’s Wineglass. In addition to fungi and moss, you have plants nearer shores like coconut trees and mangroves.

Then the kingdom becomes more specific. Here’s a rough outline:

Sponges: Tube Sponges, Blue Sponges, Barrel Sponges, and the Lemon Sponge.

Cnidarians, like jellyfish and anemones: Moon Jellyfish, Lion’s Mane Jellyfish, the Mauve Stinger, the poisonous Box Jellyfish, orange Sea Pens, Cloak Anemones, and glowing Jewel Anemones.

Mollusks, including octopuses, squid, clams, oysters, nautiluses, and sea slugs: Atlantic Thorny oyster, Giant Clam, Venus Comb, Bubble shell, Chromodorid Sea Slug, the memory-enhancing Hermissenda Sea Slug, Giant Octopus, and common squid.

Arthropods, like crabs, lobsters, and shrimp: American Horseshoe crab, Peacock Mantis Shrimp, Antarctic krill, common lobster, hermit crabs, Japanese Spider crabs, cute Nodose Box Crab, and the migrating red crab.

Echinoderms like starfish, sea urchins, and sea cucumbers: seven arm starfish, Icon star, Crown-of-Thorns starfish, purple sea urchins, sea lilies, and tropical feather stars.

Jawless fish like lampreys and hagfish.

Cartilaginous Fish like sharks and rays: plownose chimaera, rabbit fish, frilled shark, velvet belly lanternshark, Pacific angel shark, longnose sawshark, tasseled Wobbegong, whale shark, hammerhead shark, basking shark, sandtiger shark, great white shark, goblin shark, blue shark, tiger shark, Atlantic torpedo, manta ray, sting ray, and the spotted eagle ray.

Bony fish: eels, coelacanths, anchovies, cat fish, salmon, reef lizardfish, Pacific blackdragon, sea dragons, sea horses, opahs, Atlantic cod, Oyster toadfish, stonefish, deep-sea anglerfish, Atlantic flying fish, fangtooths, Lionfish, Fairy Basslet (orange), bluecheek butterflyfish, Queen angelfish, Potato Grouper, clownfish, cleaner wrasse, Wolf-fish, common stargazer, barracuda, mackerel, swordfish, tuna, and the Porcupinefish.

Reptiles: sea snakes, sea turtles, marine iguanas, and the salt water crocodile.

Birds: penguins, pelicans, seagulls, albatrosses, ducks, geese, great shearwaters, boobies (not breasts, my friends, but blue-footed birds), great frigatebirds, black-winged stilts, terns, dublins (cute), and the pied kingfisher.

Mammals, including seals, dolphins, walruses, manatees, and whales: polar bears, sea otters, common seals, sea lions, northern and southern elephant seals, bottlenose dolphins, killer whales, dugongs, west African manatees, grey whales, humpback whales, sperm whales (Moby Dick!!!), and narwhals.

Wheew! That’s it for the list of animals!

But there is one animal I neglected to include. In my opinion, the most fascinating animal on Earth. And no, it’s definitely not human beings.

The blue whale. The largest animal to have ever lived (as far as our knowledge goes). 80-90 feet long, it can weigh around 132 tons, about the size of three regular school buses combined. It’s heart is mentioned in the text to be the size of a small vehicle. They travel many, many miles through the ocean to mate and eat, treating the waters like a vast interstate system. They swallow tons of krill each day through toothbrush-like bristles called baleen. Although it isn’t hunted by whalers as much anymore, it is still, sadly, on the endangered species list. That such an animal exists just inspires awe inside me. The natural world….boy, it is something else, my friend. Something else…..

The last section of the book is an atlas of the oceans. There are five major oceans throughout the world. The Pacific, Arctic, Atlantic, Southern and Indian Oceans. These oceans are separated, in a way, by 7 tectonic plates: the Eurasian, Pacific, Australian, Antarctic, North American, South American, and African plates.

The Arctic Ocean lies in the northern hemisphere, characterized by sea ice and ice shelves, which can sometimes break off as icebergs. Some of these icebergs float from Greenland and into the Atlantic. Scientists believe one such Iceberg caused the Titanic to sink. Oil is often drilled in this cold region, as Icebreaker boats crash through the ice in the name of economics. Areas of interest include the Northwest Passage, Baffin Bay, Beaufort Sea, the Barents Sea and the Greenland Sea.

The Atlantic is below the Arctic, more in the middle of the globe. The Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Drift play a major role in the climate here. Hurricanes are a serious weather threat every year in the southern part of the ocean. Wind power is also harnessed for countries in some bodies of water. Areas of interest include the Denmark Strait, Reykjanes Ridge, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Gulf of Maine, Grand Banks, the Norwegian Sea, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Bay of Biscay, Azores, the Canary Islands, the Gulf of Mexico, The Caribbean Sea, the Sargasso sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the oxygen free Black Sea (scary). Don’t forget the longest ocean ridge in the world: the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

The Indian Ocean is between Australia and Africa. It is the third largest ocean in the world. Tsunamis are known to be a frightening, very real weather forecast in this region. In 2004, a tsunamis around India killed thousands of people with 50 foot waves! Areas of interest include: The Arabian Sea, the Maldives, Bay of Bengal, Java trench, Andaman Sea, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Strait of Malacca, Timor Sea, and the Mozambique Channel.

The Pacific is on the western and eastern sides of the planet, the largest body of water on Earth. It hosts dozens and dozens of island chains, volcanic hotspots, tourist attractions, coral reefs, and fishing areas. Places to see are the Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska, the Sea of Japan, the East and Southern China Sea, the Philippine Sea, the Mariana trench (which is the deepest area on Earth, whenever you dive below), the Marshall islands, the Emperor Seamounts, the Midway islands, Gulf of California, Bismark Sea, Coral Sea, the Marquesas Islands and Cook Islands, Easter Island (with all those statues!), Tasman Sea, New Zealand, and the Galapagos Islands.

The Southern Ocean resembles the Arctic in that it too contains much ice breaking off and forming together year round. It’s found north of Antarctica. Scientists conduct many experiments under ice shelves to study the water’s temperature, density and salinity. Some areas to visit could be the Weddell Sea and the Ross Sea.

And that it is. These paragraphs roughly sum up all I’ve learned about Marine Biology and Oceanography.

As with Astronomy, I cannot stop thinking about how grand and marvelous the natural world really is. How so many animals can thrive in places that human beings can only dream of let alone survive for more than ten minutes. How the oceans are constantly regulated through winds and currents, affecting our daily lives in one way or another. How water is recycled seamlessly for our benefit and how no landscape is as serene as a nice, sandy beach.

And how somewhere out there, many feet deep, a blue whale swims its gargantuan body with simple grace, singing strong melodies for all his playmates to hear.

” A Writer Who Needs You”

There are two goals I have in being a writer, though the writing life itself has yet to be as persistent a thing as I would wish it to be: one, to write for myself and enjoy my own work, and two, to share my work with others and have them enjoy it as well.

 

Lately I’ve been trying to read other bloggers I’ve followed the past year to try and be invested in what they are doing, to create a kind of cyberspace bond between aspiring writers. I suppose my reasons are selfish; my thinking is that if I’m reading and commenting on their work, they will in turn read and comment on mine. If you expect to have friends, you have to go find them and make them, as it were.

 

So I’ve posted this brief notice to invite you to my blogs, located at the following sites:

dickens654.wordpress.com  “The World According to Devin Stevens” a kind of overworld blog having posts derived from the other three and a few pieces of opinion or non-fiction.

tennyson888.wordpress.com “Devin Stevens Presents Literature” a blog dedicated to literature I’ve read.

bradburyfire.wordpress.com “Let me tell you a story” A blog containing flash fictions.

annaletitabarbauld.wordpress.com “Vex Not Thou the Poet’s Mind” A poetry blog with 48 poems thus far.

 

There is also a 16 short story volume entitled “Patchwork of the Mind” which I published on Amazon.com last year on September 1st. I’ve sold ten copies and would love even more. Simply because I want to share my work with others and have others share their thoughts about it. To hell with the money. I write to please myself internally and to share myself with you in the hope you will somehow be enriched by what I have to say.

 

I need your support, fellow writers!!! And I myself will seek to be involved with my followed blogs as much as possible, in return. Mutual love, as it were. For we are one big community of people who share our hearts to one another.

 

Happy Blogging!

Devin A. Stevens/ uriahheep111